Buddhism | مذہب اور روحانیت | AMANAKHBAR 

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Religião e Espiritualidade / 07/10/2020


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Fonte World History

Buddhism originated at the end of the Brahmanic Period in India, which extended approximately between the 9th and 3rd centuries BC. Such a period can be subdivided between an orthodox Brahmanic period (period of predominance of the Bramanas), a deviant Brahmanic period ( which the Upanisadas originated) and period of heterodoxies. The latter gives rise to the origin of Jainism and Buddhism. In general, Buddhism preaches a more individualized path of liberation and salvation.

Throughout its existence, Buddhist belief was subdivided into two currents: Theravada Buddhism, closer to the origin of Buddhist teachings (preaches a single path to redemption: effort and discipline), and Mahayana Buddhism (predominant, for example) , in countries such as Bhutan, a country under constitutional monarchical regime, and in South Korea), which doctrines such as Bodhisattva and Zen Buddhism were generated, the latter having a focus of concentration in Japan (although in the latter country, Shinto religion). Buddhism, in general, is organized under a monastic system.

The main Buddhist sacred book consists of Tripitaka, a book divided into three sets of texts that comprise the original teachings of Buddha, in addition to the set of rules for monastic life and teachings of philosophy. The chain of Mahayana Buddhism still recognizes the Prajnaparamita Sutras (wisdom guide), the Lankavatara (revelations in Lanka) and the Saddharmapundarika (laws) as sacred codes. Buddhist belief takes reincarnation as truth. The Buddhist belief system is based on four fundamental principles or truths: suffering is always present in life; desire is the crucial cause of suffering; the annihilation of desire leads to the annihilation of suffering itself; individual liberation is achieved through Nirvana. Nirvana runs counter to the idea of ​​Samsara (the cycle of birth, existence, death and rebirth). For Buddhists, the path to liberation is reached the moment the Samsara cycle is broken. Breaking the cycle of life is precisely Nirvana, which can be achieved through steps: right understanding, right thinking, right speech, right action, right experience, right effort, right awareness, concentration correct. All of these steps are pursued through self-discipline and meditation, as well as spiritual exercises.

Buddhism was founded in India in approximately 528 BC by Prince Sidarta Gotama the Buddha (the Enlightened One, whose existence extended approximately 563 to 483 BC). Today, the largest concentration of Buddhist followers is located in the region of East Asia). Today's India, in fact, has a large Hindu majority (just over eighty percent of its total population).

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