Confucianism | مذہب اور روحانیت | AMANAKHBAR 

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Religião e Espiritualidade / 20/10/2020


Confucianism

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Confucianism

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Confucianism, contrary to what is believed, is not exactly a religion, but a doctrine based on the philosophical system of the Chinese Confucius (Kung-Fu-Tzu), during the 6th century BC.

During this period, an elaborate moral, social, political, religious and educational system was established, based on ancient Chinese traditions and, at the same time, innovative in terms of rationalism.

Therefore, as a religion, Confucianism is, at most, a dogmatic doctrine, especially in its reverence for ancestors.

This philosophical system constitutes a set of teachings on social ethics. He established a treatise on political ideology, according to which every human being would have the intelligence necessary to modify the means and ends of his existence by transforming the arbitrary conditions that arose in life.

This moral philosophy had a major impact on the Chinese and Asian social structure as a whole. This is because it is in the genesis of values ​​so present in Eastern cultures, such as discipline, order, political conscience, work and the valorization of study as an intellectual formation.

In Confucianism, the family is the social base on which all human beings are seated and of which the system of government is a broader aspect.

The rulers are considered the “fathers of the people”, who are not only subjects, but obedient and humble children who respect the political authority based on the mandate of heaven.

Thus, the respect for hierarchical superiors in cultures influenced by Confucianism is not surprising, this School served as a template for those who sought government positions.

It is worth noting that humanity is the central pillar of Confucianism. In it, it is believed that all humans are naturally good, with education being the primary factor that will determine the human condition.

Therefore, as a doctrine, Confucianism will reconcile human nature with political and social theories, which makes it a prescriptive doctrine of good living.

Finally, it is worth mentioning that Confucianism suffered competition other currents of thought in China during the years 400 BC - 200 BC, such as Buddhism and Taoism.

However, Confucianism prevailed as an official doctrine of the Chinese state for tens of centuries.

Main Attributes of Confucianism

Humanity, justice, rituals, knowledge, integrity, loyalty, filial piety, continence, honesty, kindness and forgiveness, judgment and a sense of right and wrong, bravery, kindness and kindness, respect, frugality, modesty and discretion.

Kung-Fu-Tzu and Confucianism

Confucius, Latin form of the Chinese name Kung Fu Tsé, was a thinker who restructured Chinese society with his essentially ethical teachings during the 6th century BC.

Born in a poor but noble cradle, Kung Fu Tsé can become a sage and gained a great reputation as a teacher at a young age when he opened his first school at the age of 22.

that reputation, he won government positions, until he became Minister of State for Lu, his native province, today Shan-tung province.

Confucius had been a contemporary of Buda (creator of Buddhism) and Lao-Tse (founder of Taoism). He died at the age of 80, leaving more than 3000 trained disciples.

Curiosities

In Confucianism, “ritual” means all ceremonial behavior performed on a daily basis.

Confucianism influenced the cultural formation of countries other than China, such as Japan and Korea.

Confucianism has no churches or a clerical order.


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